At 1st Choice Pest Control we offer rodent control solutions along with sealing off areas of entry to help you get rid of the rodents in and around your home or business. The single most important way to keep them out of your home and business is to find out where they are coming from. We have specialize in this area and use a a variety of methods including a baiting system along with thermal cameras that show where you have potential areas of concern. We also offer a polyurethane closed cell spray foam application which is great for air sealing, water sealing, r-value, mold blocker and a pest blocker for insects and rodents. This is application is not the complete protection from all pest due to the fact that they can enter your home and business from the top down but its the most common entry point.  Once these pest gain access inside rodents can cause a number of problems which can lead to damage, diseases, droppings, urine and odor to your property. Our rodent control service can help you control all of these unwanted pest such as rats, mice, voles, and moles.


Rodents can cause economic and health-related damage.  Rodents economic damage includes; flooding due to chewing through water pipes in walls, gnawing on the fabric of furniture and clothing, along with make holes in buildings, dry goods, and disfigure window or door sills. One of the most dangerous things there chewing can cause fires when they chew or strip coating of electrical wires.


While economic losses are probably the greater concern, the public health aspect is also very important.  Diseases carried by rodents are still a potent threat.  Some diseases, such as the plague and murine typhus, are transmitted by fleas that jump from rodents to humans.  Other diseases may be spread by other arthropod vectors, fecal contamination, or rat bites.

1st Choice Pest Control can offer additional rodent removal options depending on your needs. If you suspect you have some unwanted rodents in or around your home, call us today for a free rodent control quote!  Make sure you ask about our year round maintenance packages!



Size: 6 – 8 inches Nose to Tail
Weight: 5 – 9 oz
Litters: 4 – 6 per year with about 20 young per litter
Breading Season: Spring through Fall

The most common rat are the in our area are the Brown rat or also called  the Norway rat. Rats can cause extensive damage to both your home and health. Rats make their homes in the hard to reach areas of your house potentially causing structural damage. They are also carriers of disease like the Hantavirus and can cause Asthma/Allergic Rhinitis reactions by spreading their urine and fecal matter. The brown rat can breed throughout the year if conditions are suitable, with a female producing up to five litters a year. The gestation period is only 21 days, and litters can number up to 14, although seven is common. They reach sexual maturity in about five weeks. Under ideal conditions (for the rat), this means that the population of females could increase by a factor of three and a half (half a litter of 7) in 8 weeks (5 weeks for sexual maturity and 3 weeks of gestation), corresponding to a population growing by a factor of 10 in just 15 weeks. As a result, the population can grow from 2 to 15,000 in a year. The maximum life span is three years, although most barely manage one. 

Deer Mouse

Size: 4 – 6.5 inches 
Weight: 10 - 24 g
Litters: 4 - 6 per year with about 6 - 7 young per litter
Breading Season: Spring through Fall

It is called a deer mouse because the coloring of its fur resembles that of a deer, having dark on the dorsal surface, and white on the legs and underside.  Its tails are also dark on top and white underneath, similar to that of a deer’s tail.  

House Mouse

Size: 6 – 8 inches 
Weight: 15 - 24 g
Litters: 6 - 9 per year with about 5 - 6 young per litter
Breading Season: Spring through Fall

When living with humans, house mouse nest in the walls, in storage areas, or in any protected spot near food. Though rarely seen, evidence of its whereabouts is found near human food supplies include chewed boxes, crumbs and piles of feces. It makes its nest out of rags, paper, or anything else that is soft and can be shredded. Most house mice living with humans are active during the day. In the wild the house mouse is mostly nocturnal, and live in underground burrows with networking tunnels

Meadow Mouse

Size: 6.5 – 8.5 inches 

Weight: 12 - 24 g

Litters: 3 - 7  per year with about 5 - 6 young per litter

Breading Season: Spring through Fall


Meadow jumping mice are omnivores.  Their diet consists mainly of grass seeds and surrounding vegetative seeds.  They have been known to eat moth larvae as well as some species of beetle.  Zapus also can feed on berries and other fruits 

Western Harvest Mouse

Size: 6 – 8 inches 

Weight: 15 - 24 g

Litters: 2 - 5 per year with about 2 - 9 young per litter

Breading Season: Spring through Fall

The western harvest mouse appears to be strictly nocturnal.  It is most active before midnight, on moonless or overcast nights.  Minimum activity occurs between 6:00 am and noon.  This mouse is active year round utilizing trails built by other small mammals such as field voles.  

White Footed Mouse

Size: 4 – 6 inches 

Weight: 23 - 28 g

Litters: 5 - 7 per year with about 3 - 6 young per litter

Breading Season: Spring through Fall

White-footed mice have adaptations that allow them the ability to climb trees and be classified as semi-arboreal.  One of those characters is the tail, used to prop the animal and create balance as they climb.  This species general nests near the ground, sometimes in rock piles, logs, stumps and in ground burrows.  They construct their nest of materials such as grass, hair, feathers, leaves, bark and moss.

Meadow Voles 

Size: 3 – 5 inches Nose to Tail
Weight: 1 - 2 oz
Litters: 5 - 6 per year with up to 14 young per litter
Breading Season: Spring through Fall

Meadow voles occur throughout most of the northern and eastern United States and Canada in low wetlands, open grasslands, and orchards. Meadow voles are most active above the ground, as evidenced by surface trails-often littered with droppings and grass cuttings-in the ground vegetation where they live. They sometimes live underground where the soil has been cultivated or where a burrow system is already present.

Pine Voles

Size: 2 - 4  inches

Weight: 1 - 2 oz

Litters: 3 - 7 per year with up to 14 per litter

Breading Seasons: Spring through Fall

Pine voles live throughout the eastern half of the United States and favor open woodlands and orchards. Pine voles spend much of their time in underground burrows and usually have an extensive subsurface trail system that is excavated about 3 to 5 em (1 to 2 in.) deep. These burrows open to the surface and often connect to above-ground runways.


Size: 2 - 5 inches Nose to Tail
Weight: 1 - 5 oz
Litters: 3 - 5 per year with about 3 - 10 young per litter
Breading Season: Spring through Fall
Shrews are mammals that bear a close resemblance to mice, with the exception of their long, pointed snout. Shrews are primarily outdoor dwellers, although they’re not shy about entering homes when seeking food or shelter. Shrew damage can range from gnawing on roots and trees with their razor-sharp teeth to contaminating outdoor food sources with their feces and urine. Learn a few more interesting shrew facts below.